Diwali is a five day festival in India. It begins with Govatsa Dwadashi, then Dhanteras, followed by Kali Chaudas or Naraka Chaturdashi, and then the night of Diwali itself. Diwali or Deepavali / Deepawali is the Indian festival of lights. “Deepa” means light and “avali” means a continuous line. Diwali occurs just before the Indian New Year. Diwali 2021 will be celebrated on November 3rd in North America for Hawaii and the Pacific time zone November 4th for the rest of North America, South America, Europe and India. Since Vedic astrology or Jyotish is a lunar based system, it calculates holidays based on phases of the Moon.
Following Diwali is Govardhan Puja. It is on November 4th for the Pacific, Mountain and Central time zones in North America. For the Eastern time zone, Europe and India, it is on November 5th.
Indian new year 2021 is on November 5th. This is the Gujarati and Marwadi New Year. Other parts of India celebrate the new year at different times of the year, according to their own traditions.
The final holiday in the festival of Diwali is Bhai Beej (also called Bhaiya Dooj or Bhai Duj) or Yama Dvitiya. This celebrates the bond of brothers and sisters. This year, it coincides with the Gujarati New Year in certain parts of the world by falling on November 5th in North America and on November 6th in India
Diwali celebrates Lord Rama’s return back home after a 14 year period of exile. He was living in the forest with his brother Lakshman, wife Sita, and faithful servant, Hanuman. The residents of Ayodhya (I-yo-the-yah) celebrated his homecoming by lighting rows and rows of lights, or diyas, and waving sparklers. Rama symbolizes the path of righteousness or dharma. His return is a metaphor for the victory of good over evil. He performed his duty, stayed true to his path, and triumphantly returned home.
Indians celebrate Diwali by wearing colorful, new clothes and honoring the goddess Lakshmi (luck-shmee), the goddess of prosperity, fortune, and beauty. Their homes are brightly lit with clay diyas. Some also regard Diwali as the day on which Lakshmi and Vishnu were married. Homes are cleaned from top to bottom so that Lakshmi can grace the home with her presence. Pujas (ritual worship) to Lakshmi are traditionally performed on Diwali. People feast on a sumptuous variety of sweets made from ingredients such as brown sugar, jaggery, strands of saffron, along with ghee (clarified butter), as well as cardamom, powdered cinnamon, nuts, and rose water. For the auspicious times for Lakshmi puja in your area, visit mypanchang.com and look at the timing for your area.
DIWALI 2021 PUJA
Shri Vivekshatri Godbole of the Shri Krishna Yajurveda Pathashala in Maharshatra, India had this to say about Diwali: “The darkness of the demon is gone and there is light. Rama and Krishna are avatars or forms of Lord Vishnu. For Lakshmi puja, we worship Lakshmi and Kubera. Kubera is the treasurer of the Vedic gods and goddesses. One of Vishnu’s names is Kubera. Kubera is the step brother of Ravana. His kingdom was (Sri) Lanka. When Ravana became strong, he defeated Kubera. Afterwards, Kubera went North.” Similarly, in Vaastu Shatra, the Northern direction is associated with Kubera and prosperity. “Kubera is the deity who owns gold, diamonds, and precious things. People should clean their homes for Diwali. For Lakshmi puja, they can worship their money, jewelry, bank books, and credit cards. They can chant the Maha Lakshmi Stotram (Ashtakam) 15 times. There is also a small stotram for Vishnu called the Govinda Ashtakam.”
Diwali marks the celebration of light over darkness, as Rama was victorious in defeating the demon Ravana prior to his return to Ayodhya. As such, it is also a time when we can honor our own inner light and let it shine forth into the world. It is one of the most auspicious days of the year.
While some may be thinking that 2021 has only had gleams of light there is little to celebrate, we must turn to our inner light. Look for the blessings in your life and know that there are candles of hope, where the flames will get brighter. Cultivate that light and share it with others.
Happy Diwali 2021! Shubh Deepavali!